INTERPOL: Using biometrics in fighting international crime
INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Our role is to enable police around the world to work together to make the world a safer place. Our high-tech infrastructure of technical and operational support helps meet the growing challenges of fighting crime in the 21st century. INTERPOL has different tools, including biometrics, that assists member countries in fighting international crime. Cybercriminals are rigorously keeping up with today’s rapidly evolving technology and have taken advantage of such changes by adapting their modus operandi accordingly. It is of utmost importance that law enforcement engages in research and in studying future trends, in order to anticipate developments in cybercrime and proactively counter them. An overview about INTERPOL tools will be presented and future challenges for biometrics in cyber arena will be discussed.
Antonio Farelo is a Digital Forensic Researcher at the INTERPOL Global Complex for Innovation, Cyber Innovation & Outreach Directorate in Singapore. He was Crime Scene Officer in Portuguese Juducial Police for ten years before he moved to INTERPOL in May 2007. He has been for more than seven years Senior Fingerprint Examiner at INTERPOL’s Fingerprints Unit , Police Forensics Sub-Directorate at INTERPOL General Secretariat. He also delivered Awareness Crime Scene Trainings to member countries in Asia and Africa as well as forensic promotion actions in South and central America, Africa and Asia.
Use of biometric data for forensics : great promises, great legal pitfalls?
Several issues remain for the use of biometric data for law enforcement purposes. While biometric data were not so long ago almost exclusively applied for identification in crime investigations under precise conditions, new applications collect the data or allow massive uploads of biometric data for a large variety of other purposes. In times of 'big data', under which conditions can these data be re-used? The speaker will discuss the importance of the rule of law, the meaning of the concepts of privacy, self-determination and data protection and the access to and the use of biometric data collected by private sector entities by law enforcement. Attention will also be given to the use of biometric data for research purposes and the impact of the ongoing data protection reform proposals on the processing of biometric data for law enforcement.
Dr. Els Kindt is a senior legal researcher of the Interdisciplinary Center for Law and Information Technology (ICRI/CIR, iMinds) of the Law faculty of the KU Leuven, Belgium. Her main areas of expertise include data protection and privacy law, with a focus on biometric data processing. She is author of many publications and has been involved as principal investigator in several national and European research proposals and projects. Presently, she is the main contact for the legal research in the EU framework projects such as Fidelity (2012-2016), BEAT (2012-2016), FastPass (2012-2016) and Eksistenz (2014-2017). She is also a member of several expert networks and platforms, such as COST1206 and an active member of the European Association for Biometrics. Since 2012-2013, she is lecturing at the ManaMa IP/ICT law at the KU Leuven/Hogeschool Universiteit Brussels European Privacy and Data Protection law and Electronic Contracts law.
Her doctorate thesis (Ph.D) on the legal aspects of the processing of biometric data was published as Els J. Kindt, Privacy and Data Protection Issues of Biometric Applications. A Comparative Legal Analysis, 2013, by Springer.
Prof. Dr. Katrin Franke
Computational Forensics: Techniques, Applications and Challenges in the Computer-based Analysis of Handwritten Signatures and Questioned Documents
White collar crime involving altered or counterfeit documents like contracts, tax claims, banknotes, event tickets, ID- and travel documents, is increasing continuously. Banks, insurances and social welfare organizations lose billions of dollars due to such criminal offenses. Although secure and valuable documents contain more and more visible, and hidden security features, as for example secure printing, watermarks and kinegrams, the efficiency in detecting document irregularities by non-experts remains low. Automated or computer-aided validation procedures are used only to a limited extend. Particularly, in daily forensic caseworks and criminal investigations huge improvements can be expected by applying advanced computational methods and tools.
The aim of this presentation is to lay the foundations and encourage further dialogues on the development of computational methods for the forensic analysis of handwritten signatures and questioned documents. Researchers and practitioners from the field of biometrics and computer science will be introduced to the special demands, procedures and methods applied in forensic sciences. Questioned documents studied cover contracts, tax declarations, last wills, ID- and travel documents. Moreover, current forensic challenges are exposed that demand experts developing next generation computational methods and tools.
The main objective of this presentation is to provide a basis for researchers own method designs. Not only the feasibility of computational methods as toolset for forensic investigations is reflected, but advanced computational algorithms are reviewed in order to demonstrate the potential impact of these technologies.
Dr. Katrin Franke is a professor of computer science and director of the Testimon Forensics group at the Center for Cyber- and Information Security in Norway. In 2005 she obtained her Ph.D. degree at the Artificial Intelligence Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. Dr. Franke started her research career in 1994 at Fraunhofer IPK, Berlin, German. The institute belongs to the Fraunhofer Society, a non-profit organization, conducting applied research on behalf of industrial and governmental entities. From 1996-2006 she has worked as a scientific project manager; leading research teams as well as internationally distributed project consortia.
Dr. Franke was in charge of founded research and industrial projects that have brought forth software modules and software systems, now operating in banks in Germany, the United Kingdom, South Africa and Jamaica as well as in forensic laboratories in Germany. Dr. Franke joined the Norwegian Information Security laboratory as an associate professor in January 2007 and was promoted to full professor based on competence evaluation in 2010. Dr. Franke supervises Ph.D. research projects and teaches courses in machine learning and pattern recognition at the PhD and MSc. level. She has published more that 120 scientific papers including one patent, and is involved in the organization of international conferences; the most prominent among them is the International Workshop on Computational Forensics (IWCF). Dr. Franke is a founding member of the IAPR*-TC6 on Computational Forensics and served as its first chair from 2008-2012. (*International Association of Pattern Recognition.) Dr. Franke is the recipient of the *IAPR Young Investigator award in 2009 for her outstanding contribution in computational forensics. (see http://kyfranke.com for more details.)